Double Taxation Agreements

Double tax agreements are particularly important for expats retiring abroad who are receiving any income from the UK, be it from pensions, a business they have or rental income. Double tax agreements can change and therefore the below information may only be accurate at the time of writing (August 2022). For further information on these treaties, please the UK GOV website.

Double taxation is the levying of tax by two or more jurisdictions on the same income, asset, or financial transaction. Double tax agreements (DTAs) are in place to ensure that people living internationally are not taxed twice on the same asset.

For further understanding, our tax advisers have put together this in-depth guide to help answer any further questions you may have.

Countries

A - C

Terms relating to pension:

Pensions and other similar remuneration arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State, shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services. and is subject to tax in that State on such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration.

2. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, and 16 shall apply to salaries, wages, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

The modifications made by the Multilateral Instrument entered into force in:

the UK on 1 October 2018
Albania on 1 January 2021
They are effective in the UK from:

1 January 2021 for taxes withheld at source
1 April 2022 for Corporation Tax
6 April 2022 for Income Tax and Capital Gains Tax
They are effective in Albania from 1 July 2021.

DTA: No

Terms relating to pension:

No

Other terms:

None

DTA: No

Terms relating to pension:

No

Other terms:

None

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State, shall be taxable only in that State.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
2. a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

The convention is effective in the UK from:

  • 1 January 2013 for withholding taxes
  • 1 April 2012 for Corporation Tax
  • 6 April 2012 for Capital Gains Tax and Tax Income

Terms relating to pension:

1 Pensions (including government pensions) and annuities paid to a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.

2 The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically to an individual at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

1 Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension or annuity, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or local authority of that State to an individual in respect of services rendered in the discharge of governmental functions shall be taxable only in that State. However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that other State and the recipient is a resident of that other State who:
(a) is a national of that State; or
(b) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
2 The provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or local authority of that State. In that case, the provisions of Article 14, 15 or 16, as the case may be, shall apply.

The memorandum of understanding on the arbitration process under Part VI of the Multilateral Instrument was signed on 21 May 2021.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Contracting State in consideration of past employment, shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.
(3) Contributions made by or on behalf of an individual who exercises employment or self-employment in a Contracting State (“the host state”) to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the other Contracting State (“the home state”) shall, for the purposes of:
a) determining the individual’s tax payable in the host state; and
b) determining the profits of his employer which may be taxed in the host state; be treated in that State in the same way and subject to the same conditions and limitations as contributions made to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the host state, to the extent that they are not so treated by the home state.
(4) The provisions of paragraph 3 shall apply only if:
a) the individual was not a resident of the host state and was participating in the pension scheme (or in another similar pension scheme for which the first mentioned pension scheme was substituted), immediately before he began to exercise employment or self-employment in the host state; and
b) the pension scheme is accepted by the competent authority of the host state as generally corresponding to a pension scheme recognised as such for tax purposes by that State.
(5) For the purposes of this Article, a pension scheme is recognised for tax purposes in a Contracting State if the contributions to the scheme would qualify for tax relief in that State and if payments made to the scheme by the individual’s employer are not deemed in that State to be taxable income of the individual.

Other terms:

(1) Remuneration or pensions paid by, or out of funds created by, the United Kingdom or a political subdivision, local authority or statutory body thereof to an individual in respect of present or past services rendered to the United Kingdom, or to a political subdivision, local authority or statutory body thereof, shall be taxable only in the United 18 Kingdom unless the individual is an Austrian national without also being the United Kingdom national.
(2) Remuneration or pensions paid by, or out of funds created by, Austria or a political subdivision, local authority or statutory body thereof to an individual in respect of present or past services rendered to Austria or to a political subdivision, local authority or statutory body thereof, shall be taxable only in Austria unless the individual is a national of the United Kingdom without also being an Austrian national.
(3) The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to remuneration or pensions in respect of services in connection with any trade or business

DTA: No

Terms relating to pension:

No

Other terms:

None

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an 20 individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:

(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services; and is subject to tax in that State on such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration.

2. a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.

3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of Article 19,
a) pensions and other similar remuneration arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State;
b) however, where pensions and other similar remuneration under a pension scheme were first credited or paid before 1 January in the calendar year next following that in which the first Protocol to this Convention entered into force, all payments under that scheme shall be taxable only in the other State.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who is a national of that State.
2. a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pension and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 15, 16, 17 and 18 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the individual is a resident.
(2) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of this Article a pension paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof out of the budget or special funds to an individual shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such a pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the recipient is a national of and a resident of that State.
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2) of this Article a pension derived by an individual for work performed in connection with a business carried on by one of the Contracting States or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the individual is a resident.
(4) Pensions derived by individuals in respect of their work in the Joint Economic Representation of Yugoslavia or in the Tourist Federation of Yugoslavia shall be taxable in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (2) of this Article.
(5) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

 

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State. However, where such pensions and other similar remuneration arising in the other Contracting State are not subject to tax in the first-mentioned State, that other Contracting State may tax such income.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid under a public scheme which is part of the social security system of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
3. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.

Other terms:

1. (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services and is subject to tax in that State on such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration.
2. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that other State.

3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions and other similar remuneration, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

1. Periodic pension payments arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State who is the beneficial owner thereof shall be taxable only in that other State.
2. Annuities arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State. However, such annuities may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which they arise and according to the laws of that State, but if the recipient is the beneficial owner of the annuities the tax so charged shall not exceed 10 per cent of the portion thereof that is subject to tax in that State.
3. For the purposes of this Convention, the term “pension” includes any payment under a superannuation, pension or retirement plan, Armed Forces retirement pay, war veterans’ pensions and allowances, and any payment under a sickness, accident or disability plan, as well as any payment made under the social security legislation in a Contracting State.
4. For the purposes of this Convention, the term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth but does not include any payment under superannuation, pension or retirement plan or any payment under an income-averaging annuity contract.
5. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Convention, alimony and similar payments arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State who is the beneficial owner thereof shall be taxable only in that other State

Other terms:

1. (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to any individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or local authority thereof shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the recipient is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of performing the services.
2. This Article shall not apply to remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business carried on by one of the Contracting States or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 19, pensions and other similar remuneration paid (including annuities paid as part of a pension arrangement) to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
2. a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 15, 16, 17 and 18 shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, and to pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof. subdivision or a local authority thereof.2. This Article shall not apply to remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business carried on by one of the Contracting States or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid (including annuities paid as part of a pension arrangement) to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State, shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1), a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.
(3) Contributions made by or on behalf of an individual who exercises employment or self-employment in a Contracting State (“the host state”) to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the other Contracting State (“the home state”) shall, for the purposes of:
(a) determining the individual’s tax payable in the host state; and
(b) determining the profits of his employer which may be taxed in the host state;
be treated in that State in the same way and subject to the same conditions and limitations as contributions made to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the host state, to the extent that they are not so treated by the home state.
(4) The provisions of paragraph (3) shall apply only if:
(a) the individual was not a resident of the host state, and was participating in the pension scheme (or in another similar pension scheme for which the first-mentioned pension scheme was substituted), immediately before he began to exercise employment or self-employment in the host state; and
(b) the pension scheme is accepted by the competent authority of the host state as generally corresponding to a pension scheme recognised as such for tax purposes by that State.
(5) For the purposes of this Article:
(a) the term “a pension scheme” means an arrangement in which the individual participates in order to secure retirement benefits payable in respect of the employment or self-employment; and
(b) a pension scheme is recognised for tax purposes in a Contracting State if the contributions to the scheme would qualify for tax relief in that State and if payments made to the scheme by the individual’s employer are not deemed in that State to be taxable income of the individual.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services and is subject to tax in that State on such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration.

(2) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1), pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
2. Contributions made by or on behalf of an individual who exercises employment or self-employment in a Contracting State (“the host state”) to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the other Contracting State (“the home state”) shall, for the purposes of:
a) determining the individual’s tax payable in the host state; and
b) determining the profits of his employer which may be taxed in the host state; be treated in that State in the same way and subject to the same conditions and limitations as contributions made to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the host state.
3. The provisions of paragraph 2 shall apply only if or, in the case of subparagraph c), to the extent that: 18
a) the individual was not a resident of the host state, and was participating in the pension scheme (or in another similar pension scheme for which the first-mentioned pension scheme was substituted), immediately before he began to exercise employment or self-employment in the host state;
b) the pension scheme is accepted by the competent authority of the host state as generally corresponding to a pension scheme recognised as such for tax purposes by that State; and
c) the contributions have not been taken into account in the home state for the purposes of determining the individual’s tax payable, or determining the profits of his employer which may be taxed, in that State.
4. For the purposes of this Article, a pension scheme is recognised for tax purposes in a Contracting State if contributions to the scheme would qualify for tax relief in that State if they were made by the individual.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services; and is subject to tax in that State on such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration.
2. a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a 19 Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this Convention shall apply to remuneration im respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

D - F

Terms relating to pension:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (b)(ii) of this paragraph, the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) shall apply to remuneration paid to:
(i) employees at the British Embassy or at the British Council in Copenhagen who are not nationals of Denmark, and
(ii) employees at the Danish Embassy in London who are not nationals of the United Kingdom.

(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State. (b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) of Article 19, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) Remuneration or pensions paid out of public funds of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or of the funds of any local authority in the United Kingdom to any individual in respect of services rendered to the Government of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or a local authority in the United Kingdom in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature, shall be taxable only in the United Kingdom unless the individual is an Egyptian national without also being the United Kingdom national.
(2) Remuneration or pensions paid by, or out of funds created by Egypt or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to any individual in respect of services rendered to the Government of Egypt or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof, in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature, shall be taxable only in Egypt unless the individual is a United Kingdom national without also being an Egyptian national.
(3) The provisions of this Article shall not apply to remuneration or pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a territory or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or by an agency of that territory, subdivision or authority to an individual in respect of services rendered to that territory, subdivision, authority or agency shall be taxable only in that territory.
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other territory if the services are rendered in that territory and the individual is a resident of that territory who did not become so resident solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a territory or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or by an agency of that territory, subdivision or authority to an individual in respect of services rendered to that territory, subdivision, authority or agency shall be taxable only in that territory.
(3) The provisions of Paragraphs 15, 16 and 18 shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a territory or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or by an agency of that territory, subdivision or authority

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article and of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid (including annuities paid as part of a pension arrangement) to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State, shall be taxable only in that State.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, payments received by an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State, under the social security legislation of the other Contracting State, shall be taxable only in that other State.
3. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.
4. Contributions made by or on behalf of an individual who exercises employment or self-employment in a Contracting State (“the host state”) to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the other Contracting State (“the home state”) shall, for the purposes of:
a. determining the individual’s tax payable in the host state; and
b. determining the profits of his employer which may be taxed in the host state; be treated in that State in the same way and subject to the same conditions and limitations as contributions made to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the host state, to the extent that they are not so treated by the home state.
5. Paragraph 4 of this Article applies only if the following conditions are met:
a. the individual was not a resident of the host state, and was participating in the pension scheme (or in another similar pension scheme for which the first-mentioned pension scheme was substituted), immediately before he began to exercise employment or self-employment in the host state; and
b. the pension scheme is accepted by the competent authority of the host state as generally corresponding to a pension scheme recognised as such for tax purposes by that State.
6. For the purposes of paragraphs 4 and 5 of this Article, a pension scheme is recognised for tax purposes in a Contracting State if the contributions to the scheme would qualify for tax relief in that State and if payments made to the scheme by the individual’s employer are not deemed in that State to be taxable income of the individual.

Other terms:

1 .a. Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b. However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who: i. is a national of that State; or ii. did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
2. a. Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b. However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 20:
(a) pensions and other similar payments arising in a Contracting State,
(b) benefits, whether periodic or lump-sum compensation, awarded under the social security legislation of a Contracting State or under any public scheme organised by a Contracting State for social welfare purposes, or
(c) any annuity in a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that Contracting State.
(2) The term “annuity” as used in this Article means a stated sum payable periodically to an individual at stated times during his life, or during a specified or ascertainable period of time, under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a public community or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or community or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a public community or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or community or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.

(3) The provisions of Articles 16, 17 and 19 shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a public community or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 19, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.

Other terms:

1. Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a local authority thereof, or by a statutory body of either, to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State, authority or statutory body shall be taxable only in that State. However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident and a national of that State without being also a national of the first-mentioned State.
2. Pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a local authority thereof, or, in the case of France, a statutory body, to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State, authority or statutory body shall be taxable only in that State. However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident and a national of that State without being also a national of the first-mentioned State.
3. The provisions of Articles 15, 16, 17 and 18 shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration and to pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a local authority thereof or by a statutory body of either.
4. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Convention:
(a) the pensions referred to in paragraph (4) of Article 81 of the French tax code (code général des impôts) shall be exempt from United Kingdom tax, regardless of the nationality of the pensioner, so long as they are exempt from French tax;
(b) the pensions referred to in section 641(1)(a) to (g) of the Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003 and benefits paid by reason of illness or injury following the termination of service in the armed forces or reserve forces referred to in section 641(1)(h) of the Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003 and injury and disablement pensions payable under any scheme made under the Personal Injuries (Emergency Provisions) Act 1939 shall be exempt from French tax, regardless of the nationality of the pensioner, so long as they are exempt from United Kingdom tax. However, paragraph 2 shall apply to such part of any income from those pensions as is not exempted from United Kingdom tax.

G - I

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 18 of this Agreement:
(a) pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment, and
(b) any annuity paid, to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 of this Agreement shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions, other similar remuneration or annuities arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in that other State.
2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, payments which are made in accordance with the social insurance legislation of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, such a pension, similar remuneration or annuity arising in a Contracting State which is attributable in whole or in part to contributions which, for more than 15 years in that State,
a) did not form part of the taxable income from employment, or
b) were tax-deductible, or
c) were tax-relieved in some other way shall be taxable only in that State. This paragraph shall not apply if that State does not effectively tax the pension, other similar remuneration or annuity, if the tax relief was clawed back for any reason, or if the 15-year condition is fulfilled in both Contracting States.
4) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, recurrent or non-recurrent payments made by one of the Contracting States or a political subdivision thereof to a resident of the other Contracting State as compensation for political persecution or for an injury or damage sustained as a result of war (including restitution payments) or of military or civil alternative service or of a crime, a vaccination or a similar event shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.
5) The term “annuities” means certain amounts payable periodically at stated times, for life or for a specified or ascertainable period of time, under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

1) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, paid by a Contracting State, a “Land”, a political subdivision or a local authority of a “Land” or a Contracting State or some other legal entity under public law of that State to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State, “Land”, political subdivision or local authority or some other legal entity under public law shall be taxable only in that State. However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who is a national of that State without also being a national of the first-mentioned state.

2) a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State, a “Land” or a political subdivision or a local authority of a “Land” or a Contracting State or some other legal entity under public law of that State to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State, “Land”, subdivision or authority or legal entity under public law shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3) The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16, and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State, a “Land”, a political subdivision or a local authority of a “Land” or a Contracting State or some other legal entity under public law of that State.
4) The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2, shall also apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration paid to an individual in respect of services rendered to the Goethe Institute, the German Academic Exchange Service (“Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst”), or to other comparable institutions mutually agreed by the competent authorities of the Contracting States.

Terms relating to pension:

Except as indicated, the following agreements shall not have effect in relation to any tax, in respect of any territory to which the present Convention applies, for any year or period for which the Convention has effect as respects that tax, that is to say:–
(a) The Agreement of 31st July, 1929, between His Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom and the Greek Government for the reciprocal exemption of shipping profits from income tax, etc.
(b) The Agreement of 17th September 1936, between His Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom and the Government of Greece for the reciprocal exemption from income tax of certain profits or gains arising through an agency.
(c) The Agreement constituted by Exchange of Notes dated 16th November 1950, between the Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of the Kingdom of Greece for the reciprocal exemption of air transport profits from income tax, etc., except paragraph 6 and except so far as is required for the purpose of that paragraph.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Remuneration, including pensions, paid by the Government of one of the territories to any individual for services rendered to that Government in the discharge of governmental functions shall be exempt from tax in the other territory if the individual is not ordinarily resident in that other territory or (where the remuneration is not a pension) is ordinarily resident in that other territory solely for the purpose of rendering those services.
(2) The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to payments in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business carried on by either of the Governments for purposes of profit.

Other terms:

(1) Any pension (other than a pension paid by the Government of Grenada for services rendered to it in the discharge of governmental functions) and any annuity, derived from sources within Grenada by an individual who is a resident of the United Kingdom and subject to United Kingdom tax in respect thereof, shall be exempt from Grenada tax.
(2) Any pension (other than a pension paid by the Government of the United Kingdom for services rendered to it in the discharge of governmental functions) and any annuity, derived from sources within the United Kingdom by an individual who is a resident of Grenada and subject to Grenada tax in respect thereof, shall be exempt from United Kingdom tax.
(3) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times, during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time, under an obligation to make the payments in consideration of money paid.

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to an individual who is a resident of one of the Territories shall be taxable only in that Territory.

Other terms:

1 Remuneration, including pensions, paid by the Government of one of the Territories to any individual for services rendered to that Government in the discharge of governmental functions shall be exempt from tax in the other Territory if the individual is not ordinarily resident in that other Territory or (where the remuneration is not a pension) is ordinarily resident in that other Territory solely for the purposes of rendering those services. 2 The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to payments in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business carried on by either of the Governments for purposes of profit.
1 Remuneration, including pensions, paid by the Government of one of the Territories to any individual for services rendered to that Government in the discharge of governmental functions shall be exempt from tax in the other Territory if the individual is not ordinarily resident in that other Territory or (where the remuneration is not a pension) is ordinarily resident in that other Territory solely for the purposes of rendering those services. 2 The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to payments in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business carried on by either of the Governments for purposes of profit.

Terms relating to pension:

Pensions and other similar remuneration (including a lump sum payment) arising in a Contracting Party and paid to a resident of the other Contracting Party in consideration of past employment or self-employment and social security pensions shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned Party.

Other terms:

1. (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by the Government of a Contracting Party or a political subdivision or a local authority of a Contracting Party to an individual in respect of services rendered to that Party or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that Party.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting Party if the services are rendered in that Party and the individual is a resident of that Party who:
(i) in the case of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, has the right of abode therein and in the case of the United Kingdom, is a national thereof; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that Party solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

2. The provisions of Articles 14, 15 and 16 shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by the Government of a Contracting Party or a political subdivision or a local authority of a Contracting Party.

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services; and is subject to tax in that State on such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration.
(2) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1), pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State. (b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State, may be taxed in the first-mentioned State.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
2. a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16, and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof. that State. (b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

The modifications made by the MLI are effective in respect of the 2013 Iceland-UK Double Taxation Convention for:

  • in both countries, in relation to taxes withheld at source, from 1 January 2020
  • in the UK, in respect of corporation tax, from 1 April 2021; in respect of income tax and capital gains tax, from 6 April 2021
  • in Iceland, in respect of other taxes for taxable periods beginning on or after 1 January 2021

DTA: No

Terms relating to pension:

None

Other terms:

None

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority, in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature, shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority, in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature, shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of this Article shall respectively apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration of an individual employed in an educational institution and to any pension in respect of such employment of an individual formerly so employed, paid directly by, or wholly or mainly from funds provided by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof in the same way that they respectively apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration and to any pension, paid to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority, in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature.
(4) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Pension Schemes:

(1) Subject to the conditions specified in paragraph (2) of this Article, where an employee (“the employee”), who is a member of a pension scheme which has been approved or is being considered for approval under the legislation of one of the Contracting States, exercises his employment in the other Contracting State:
(a) contributions paid by the employee to that scheme during the period that he exercises his employment in that other State shall be deductible in computing his taxable income in that State within the limits that would apply if the contributions were paid to a pension scheme which has been approved under the legislation of that State; and
(b) payments made to the scheme by or on behalf of his employer during that period:
(i) shall not be treated as part of the employee’s taxable income, and
(ii) shall be allowed as a deduction in computing the profits of his employer, in that other State.
(2) The conditions specified in this paragraph are that:
(a) the employee is employed in the other Contracting State by the person who was his employer immediately before he began to exercise his employment in that State or by an associated employer of that employer;
(b) the employee was not a resident of that State immediately before he began to exercise his employment there;
(c) at the time that the contributions referred to in paragraph (1)(a) of this Article are paid, or the payments referred to in paragraph (1)(b) of this Article are made, to the scheme the employee has exercised his employment in that State for:
(i) less than ten years where he was a resident of the first-mentioned Contracting State immediately before he began to exercise his employment in the other Contracting State.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Contracting State in consideration of past employment, shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.
(3) Contributions made by or on behalf of an individual who exercises employment or self-employment in a Contracting State (“the host state”) to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the other Contracting State (“the home state”) shall, for the purposes of:
a) determining the individual’s tax payable in the host state; and
b) determining the profits of his employer which may be taxed in the host state; be treated in that State in the same way and subject to the same conditions and limitations as contributions made to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the host state, to the extent that they are not so treated by the home state.
(4) The provisions of paragraph 3 shall apply only if:
a) the individual was not a resident of the host state and was participating in the pension scheme (or in another similar pension scheme for which the first mentioned pension scheme was substituted), immediately before he began to exercise employment or self-employment in the host state; and
b) the pension scheme is accepted by the competent authority of the host state as generally corresponding to a pension scheme recognised as such for tax purposes by that State.
(5) For the purposes of this Article, a pension scheme is recognised for tax purposes in a Contracting State if the contributions to the scheme would qualify for tax relief in that State and if payments made to the scheme by the individual’s employer are not deemed in that State to be taxable income of the individual.

Other terms:

(1) Remuneration or pensions paid by, or out of funds created by, the United Kingdom or a political subdivision, local authority or statutory body thereof to an individual in respect of present or past services rendered to the United Kingdom, or to a political subdivision, local authority or statutory body thereof, shall be taxable only in the United 18 Kingdom unless the individual is an Austrian national without also being the United Kingdom national.
(2) Remuneration or pensions paid by, or out of funds created by, Austria or a political subdivision, local authority or statutory body thereof to an individual in respect of present or past services rendered to Austria or to a political subdivision, local authority or statutory body thereof, shall be taxable only in Austria unless the individual is a national of the United Kingdom without also being an Austrian national.
(3) The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to remuneration or pensions in respect of services in connection with any trade or business.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political or an administrative subdivision or a local authority thereof to any individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or a local authority thereof shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (1)(a) of this Article, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the recipient is a resident of that other Contracting State who:
(i) is a national of that State not being a national of the first-mentioned State; or
(ii) not being a national of the first-mentioned State did not become a resident of that other State solely for the purpose of performing the services.
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political or an administrative subdivision or a local authority thereof to any individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or a local authority thereof shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (2)(a) of this Article, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a national of and a resident of that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this Convention shall apply to remuneration or pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business carried on by one of the Contracting States or a political or an administrative subdivision or a local authority thereof.

J - L

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to an individual who is a resident of one of the Territories shall be taxable only in that Territory.

Other terms:

1 Remuneration, including pensions, paid by the Government of one of the Territories to any individual for services rendered to that Government in the discharge of governmental functions shall be exempt from tax in the other Territory if the individual is not ordinarily resident in that other Territory or (where the remuneration is not a pension) is ordinarily resident in that other Territory solely for the purposes of rendering those services.
2 The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to payments in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business carried on by either of the Governments for purposes of profit.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services. (2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State. (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of and a national of that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this Convention shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Contracting State, shall be taxable only in that State.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the firstmentioned State.
3. Contributions made by or on behalf of an individual who exercises employment or self-employment in a Contracting State (“the host state”) to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the other Contracting State (“the home state”) shall, for the purposes of:
a) determining the individual’s tax payable in the host state; and
b) determining the profits of his employer which may be taxed in the host state; be treated in that State in the same way and subject to the same conditions and limitations as contributions made to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the host state, to the extent that they are not so treated by the home state.
4. The provisions of paragraph 3 shall apply only if:
a) the individual was not a resident of the host state, and was participating in the pension scheme (or in another similar pension scheme for which the first-mentioned pension scheme was substituted), immediately before he began to exercise employment or self-employment in the host state; and
b) the pension scheme is accepted by the competent authority of the host state as generally corresponding to a pension scheme recognised as such for tax purposes by that State.
5. For the purposes of this Article, a pension scheme is recognised for tax purposes in a Contracting State if the contributions to the scheme would qualify for tax relief in that State if they were made by the individual.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services; and is subject to tax in that State on such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration.
2. a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Convention pensions and other similar remuneration paid to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that other State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services. (2) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of this Article, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that other State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16, 17 and 18 of this Convention shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 19 of this Agreement, pensions and other similar remuneration and any annuity paid to a resident of a Contracting State in consideration of past employment which is subject to tax in that Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that Contracting State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph a) of this paragraph, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who fulfils one of the following conditions:
(i) he is a national of that State;
(ii) he did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that Contracting State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that Contracting State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph a) of this paragraph, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of and a national of that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16, 17 and 18 of this Agreement shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or an agency thereof or an entity wholly owned by such State, political subdivision or local authority to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State, subdivision, authority, agency or entity shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or an agency thereof or an entity wholly owned by such State, subdivision or authority to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State, subdivision, authority, agency or entity shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of and a national of that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this Convention shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or an agency thereof or an entity wholly owned by such State, subdivision or authority.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term ìannuityî means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or moneyís worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or an agency thereof or an entity wholly owned by such State, political subdivision or local authority to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State, subdivision, authority, agency or entity shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or an agency thereof or an entity wholly owned by such State, subdivision or authority to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State, subdivision, authority, agency or entity shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of and a national of that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this Convention shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or an agency thereof or an entity wholly owned by such State, subdivision or authority.

Terms relating to pension:

Pensions and other similar remuneration arising in a Contracting State may be taxed in that State.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State, a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or some other legal entity under public law of that State to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State, subdivision or authority or other legal entity under public law of that State shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
i) is a national of that State; or
ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services; and is subject to tax in that State on such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration.
2. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, and 16 shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State, a political subdivision or a local authority thereof or some other legal entity under public law of that State.

Terms relating to pension:

1) Subject to the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) of Article XIX pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Contracting State in consideration of past employment shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of this Article, pensions paid under the social security legislation of a Contracting State may be taxed in that State.

Other terms:

(1) Remuneration, including pensions, paid out of public funds of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or the funds of any local authority in the United Kingdom to any individual in respect of services rendered to the Government of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or a local authority in the United Kingdom in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature shall be taxable only in the United Kingdom.
(2) Remuneration, including pensions, paid by, or out of funds created by, Luxembourg or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to any individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or local authority thereof in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature shall be taxable only in Luxembourg.
(3) The provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) of this Article shall not apply to remuneration or pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business. The provisions of Articles XV, XVI and XVIII shall apply to such remuneration or pensions.

M - O

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
2. a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 20 of this agreement, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a contracting state and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term ‘annuity’ means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a contracting state or a political subdivision or a local authority or a statutory body thereof to any individual in respect of services rendered to that state or political subdivision or a local authority or statutory body thereof shall be taxable only in that state.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other contracting state if the services are rendered in that state and the individual is a resident of that state who:
(i) is a national of that state
(ii) did not become a resident of that state solely for the purpose of rendering the services
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a contracting state, a political subdivision or a local authority or a statutory body thereof to any individual in respect of services rendered to that state, political subdivision, local authority or statutory body thereof shall be taxable only in that state
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of and a national of that state
(3) The provisions of Articles 16, 17 and 19 shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration or to pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business carried on by a contracting state, a political subdivision or a local authority or a statutory body thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment, or any annuity paid, to a individual who is a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State;
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State;
(b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this Convention shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with any business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State. (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (1)(a) of this Article, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (2)(a) of this Article, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of and a national of that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this Convention shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid (including annuities paid as part of a pension arrangement) to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State, shall be taxable only in that State.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.
3. Contributions made by or on behalf of an individual who exercises employment or self-employment in a Contracting State to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the other Contracting State shall, for the purposes of:
a) determining the individual’s tax payable in the first-mentioned State; and
b) determining the profits of his employer which may be taxed in the first-mentioned State;
be treated in that State in the same way and subject to the same conditions and limitations as contributions made to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in that first-mentioned State, to the extent that they are not so treated by the other Contracting State.
4. The provisions of paragraph 3 shall apply only if:
a) the individual was not a resident of that State and was participating in the pension scheme (or in another similar pension scheme for which the first-mentioned pension scheme was substituted), immediately before he began to exercise employment or self-employment in that State; and
b) the pension scheme is accepted by the competent authority of that State as generally corresponding to a pension scheme recognised as such for tax purposes by that State.
5. For the purposes of this Article, a pension scheme is recognised for tax purposes in a Contracting State if the contributions to the scheme would qualify for tax relief in that State and if payments made to the scheme by the individual’s employer are not deemed in that State to be taxable income of the individual.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or an administrative territorial unit, a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State, administrative territorial unit, political subdivision or local authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

2. a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or an administrative-territorial unit, a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State, administrative-territorial unit, political subdivision or local authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16, and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or an administrative-territorial unit, a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

DTA: No

Terms relating to pension:

None

Other terms:

None

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the individual is a resident.
(2) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of this Article a pension paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof out of the budget or special funds to an individual shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such a pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the recipient is a national of and a resident of that State.
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2) of this Article a pension derived by an individual for work performed in connection with a business carried on by one of the Contracting States or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the individual is a resident.
(4) Pensions derived by individuals in respect of their work in the Joint Economic Representation of Yugoslavia or in the Tourist Federation of Yugoslavia shall be taxable in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (2) of this Article.
(5) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) Payments which a student or trainee, who was immediately before visiting a Contracting State a resident of the other Contracting State and who is present in the first-mentioned Contracting State solely for the purpose of his education or training, receives for the purpose of his maintenance, education or training shall not be taxed in the first-mentioned State, provided that such payments are made to him from sources outside the State.
(2) Income derived by a student or trainee in respect of activities carried on by him in the Contracting State which he has visited solely for the purpose of his education or training shall not be taxable in that State unless it exceeds the sum of 250 pounds sterling (or the equivalent in Yugoslav dinars) during any year of assessment (in addition to any personal allowances to which he may be entitled as an individual resident in that State).
(3) In no event shall any person have the benefit of the provisions of this Article for more than 3 years.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Pensions and other similar remuneration (including pensions provided under a social security system and annuities) paid to a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of this Article, payments falling within that paragraph may also be taxed in the Contracting State from which they are derived, in accordance with the laws of that State, where:
(a) the right to claim the payments has been exempted from tax in that State, or contributions associated with the payments have been taken into account for the purposes of tax relief in that State; and
(b) the payments are not taxed in the Contracting State of which the recipient is a resident or in a third state, at the generally applicable rate for income derived from employment, or less than 90 per cent of the gross amount of the payments are taxed. The preceding provisions of this paragraph shall apply only if the total gross payments which, pursuant to the preceding provisions, would be taxable in the Contracting State in which they arise, exceed an amount of 25,000 euros during the fiscal year concerned.
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) of this Article, if a lump-sum payment is paid before the date on which the pension commences, it may be taxed in the Contracting State from which it is derived. However, if the lump sum is paid on or around the commencement of a periodic pension, it shall be taxable only in that State. 18
(4) For the purposes of paragraph (2) of this Article, payments shall be deemed to be derived from a Contracting State to the extent that the right to claim the payments has been exempted from tax in that State or the contributions associated with them have been taken into account for the purposes of tax relief in that State. The transfer of a pension from a pension scheme in a Contracting State to a pension scheme in another state shall not restrict the taxing rights of the first-mentioned State under this Article.
(5) The competent authorities of the Contracting States may by mutual agreement settle the mode of application of paragraph (2) of this Article.
(6) Contributions made by or on behalf of an individual who exercises employment or selfemployment in a Contracting State (“the host state”) to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the other Contracting State (“the home state”) shall, for the purposes of:
(a) determining the individual’s tax payable in the host state; and
(b) determining the profits of his employer which may be taxed in the host state;
be treated in that State in the same way and subject to the same conditions and limitations as contributions made to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the host state, to the extent that they are not so treated by the home state.
(7) Paragraph (6) applies only if the following conditions are met:
(a) the individual was not a resident of the host state, and was participating in the pension scheme (or in another similar pension scheme for which the first-mentioned pension scheme was substituted), immediately before he began to exercise employment or selfemployment in the host state; and
(b) the pension scheme is accepted by the competent authority of the host state as generally corresponding to a pension scheme recognised as such for tax purposes by that State.
(8) For the purposes of paragraphs (6) and (7):
(a) the term “pension scheme” means an arrangement in which the individual participates in order to secure retirement benefits, including benefits for a widow and orphan support, payable in respect of the employment or self-employment referred to in paragraph (6);
(b) a pension scheme is recognised for tax purposes in a Contracting State if the contributions to the scheme would qualify for tax relief in that State and if payments made to the scheme by the individual’s employer are not deemed in that State to be taxable income of the individual.

Other terms:

(1) (a)Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who: 19
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services; and is subject to tax in that State on such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration
(2) The provisions of Articles 14, 15 and 16 of this Convention shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1)(a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) The provisions of Articles 15 and 16 shall apply to remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions, including payments under a social security system, arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State, may be taxed in the first-mentioned State.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.
3. Alimony and other maintenance payments paid to a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State. However, alimony or other maintenance payments paid by a resident of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State, shall, if the payer is not allowed to deduct those payments in computing his income for tax purposes in the Contracting State of which he is a resident, be taxable only in that State.

Other terms:

1 . a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services; and is subject to tax in that State on such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration.
2. a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State;
b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Agreement:

(a) pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment, and
(b) any annuity paid, to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State, and is subject to tax in respect thereof in that State, shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1)(a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State, who:
(i) is a national of that State, or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2)(a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of and a national of that other State and is subject to tax in respect thereof in that State.

(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16, 17 and 18 of this Agreement shall apply to salaries, wages, and other similar remuneration, and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

P - R

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 20, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that other State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident and a national of that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 16, 17 and 19 of this Convention shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.

Other terms:

(1) Remuneration paid out of public funds of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or of the funds of any local authority in the United Kingdom to any individual in respect of services rendered to the Government of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or a local authority in the United Kingdom in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature, shall be taxable only in the United Kingdom unless the individual is a Philippine national without also being a United Kingdom national.

(2) Remuneration paid out of public funds of the Philippines or of the funds of any local authority thereof to any individual in respect of services rendered to the Government of the Philippines or a local authority thereof, in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature, shall be taxable only in the Philippines unless the individual is a United Kingdom national without also being a Philippine national.

(3) Pensions paid out of public funds of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or of the funds of any local authority in the United Kingdom to any individual in respect of services rendered to the Government of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or a local authority in the United Kingdom in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature shall be exempt from Philippine tax.

(4) Pensions paid out of public funds of the Philippines or of the funds of any local authority thereof to any individual in respect of services rendered to the Government of the Philippines or a local authority thereof, in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature shall be exempt from United Kingdom tax.

(5) The provisions of Articles 14, 15 and 17, as the case may be, shall apply to remuneration or pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 18 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State, shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of this Article, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph
(a) of this paragraph, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 of this Convention shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Any pensions and other similar remuneration (other than pensions or remuneration to which Article 18 applies) paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Subject to the provisions of subparagraph (b) of this paragraph, remuneration or pensions paid out of public funds of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or of the funds of any local authority in the United Kingdom to any individual in respect of services rendered to the Government of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or local authority in the United Kingdom in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature, shall be taxable only in the United Kingdom.
(b) Where the individual is a Portuguese national without also being a United Kingdom national, subparagraph (a) of this paragraph shall not apply, but the remuneration or pension shall, for the purposes of Article 22, be deemed to be income from a source within the United Kingdom.

(2 ) (a) Subject to the provisions of subparagraph (b) of this paragraph, remuneration or pensions paid by, or out of funds created by, Portugal or a local authority thereof to any individual in respect of services rendered to Portugal or a local authority thereof, in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature, shall be taxable only in Portugal.
(b) Where the individual is a national of the United Kingdom without also being a Portuguese national, subparagraph (a) of this paragraph shall not apply, but the remuneration or pension shall, for the purposes of Article 22, be deemed to be income from a source within Portugal.
(3) The provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not apply to remuneration or pensions in respect of services rendered in connexion with any trade or business.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 18 of this Agreement:
(a) pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment, and (b) any annuity paid, to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 of this Agreement shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 20 pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
2. The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

1. Remuneration or pensions paid out of public funds of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or of the funds of any local authority in the United Kingdom to any individual in respect of services rendered to the Government of the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or a local authority in the United Kingdom in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature, shall be taxable only in the United Kingdom unless the individual is a Romanian national (cetacean) without also being the United Kingdom national.
2. Remuneration or pensions paid out of public funds of Romania or a local authority thereof to any individual in respect of services rendered to that State or a local authority thereof, in the discharge of functions of a governmental nature, shall be taxable only in Romania unless the individual is a United Kingdom national without also being a Romanian national (cetacean).
3. The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article shall not apply to remuneration or pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business.r business.

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State without also being a national of the other Contracting State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of and a national of that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this Convention shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

S - U

DTA: No

Terms relating to pension:

None

Other terms:

None

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the individual is a resident.
(2) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of this Article a pension paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof out of the budget or special funds to an individual shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such a pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the recipient is a national of and a resident of that State.
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2) of this Article a pension derived by an individual for work performed in connection with a business carried on by one of the Contracting States or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the individual is a resident.
(4) Pensions derived by individuals in respect of their work in the Joint Economic Representation of Yugoslavia or in the Tourist Federation of Yugoslavia shall be taxable in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (2) of this Article.
(5) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this agreement:
(a) pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment or self-employment
(b) any payments made under the social security legislation of either contracting state, and
(c) any annuity paid to an individual who is a resident of a contracting state, and is subject to tax in respect thereof in that state, shall be taxable only in that state.
(2) The term ‘annuity’ means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a contracting state or a political subdivision or a local authority or a statutory body thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that state, subdivision, authority or body shall be taxable only in that state.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other contracting state if the services are rendered in that state and the individual is a resident of that state who:
(i) is a national of that state; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that state solely for the purpose of rendering the services

(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a contracting state or a political subdivision or a local authority or a statutory body thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that state, subdivision, authority or body shall be taxable only in that state.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, such pension shall be taxable only in the other contracting state if the individual is a resident of and a national of that state.

(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this agreement shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a contracting state or a political subdivision or a local authority or a statutory body thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this Convention shall apply to remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 18 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of this Article, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 of this Convention shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18 of this Convention:
(a) pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment, and
(b) any annuity paid,
to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
2. The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

3 . (a) Contributions borne by an individual who is in employment in a Contracting State to a pension scheme established in and recognised for tax purposes in the other Contracting State shall be deducted, in the first-mentioned State, in determining the individual’s taxable income, and treated in that State, in the same way, and subject to the same conditions and limitations as contributions made to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in that first-mentioned State, provided that:
(i) the individual was not a resident of that State, and was contributing to the pension scheme, or to another pension scheme for which it has been substituted, immediately before that individual began to exercise employment in that State; and
(ii) the pension scheme is accepted by the competent authority of that State as generally corresponding to a pension scheme recognised as such for tax purposes by that State.
(b) Contributions to a pension scheme referred to in subparagraph (a) of this paragraph by the enterprise paying the remuneration of that individual shall not be treated as the taxable income of that individual and shall be allowed as a deduction in computing the profits of the enterprise.

(c) For the purposes of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph:

(i) the term “a pension scheme” means an arrangement in which the individual participates in order to secure retirement benefits payable in respect of the employment referred to in subparagraph (a); and
(ii) a pension scheme is recognised for tax purposes in a State if the contributions to the scheme would qualify for tax relief in that State.

Other terms:

1. (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
2. (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16, and 17 of this Convention shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State, shall be taxable only in that State.

Other terms:

1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
2. a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State. 14
b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 19, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State, shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, a lump sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.
(3) Contributions made by or on behalf of an individual who exercises employment or self-employment in a Contracting State (‘the host state’) to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the other Contracting State (‘the home state’) shall, for the purposes of:
(a) determining the individual’s tax payable in the host state; and
(b) determining the profits of his employer which may be taxed in the host state;
be treated in that State in the same way and subject to the same conditions and limitations as contributions made to a pension scheme that is recognised for tax purposes in the host state, to the extent that they are not so treated by the home state.
(4) Paragraph 3 applies only if the following conditions are met:
(a) the individual is subject to the legislation of the home state in accordance with the Agreement on the Free Movement of Persons signed on 21 June 1999, between the Swiss Confederation on one side and the European Community and its Member States on the other side; and
(b) the individual was not a resident of the host state, and was participating in the pension scheme (or in another similar pension scheme for which the firstmentioned pension scheme was substituted), immediately before he began to exercise employment or self-employment in the host state; and
(c) the pension scheme is accepted by the competent authority of the host state as generally corresponding to a pension scheme recognised as such for tax purposes by that State.
(5) For the purposes of paragraphs 2, 3 and 4:
(a) the term ‘a pension scheme’ means an arrangement in which the individual participates in order to secure retirement benefits payable in respect of the employment or self-employment referred to in paragraph 3;
(b) a pension scheme is recognised for tax purposes in a Contracting State if the contributions to the scheme would qualify for tax relief in that State and if payments made to the scheme by the individual’s employer are not deemed in that State to be taxable income of the individual.  

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering services.
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Agreement, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment and any payments made under the social security scheme of either Contracting State, and annuities as defined in paragraph (2) of this Article, shall be taxable only in the State of which the recipient is a resident.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable periodically at stated times during life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.

(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this Agreement shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with any trade or business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 18, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.

Other terms:

1 (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
2. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, pensions and other similar remuneration paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) However, such pensions and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of that State.

3. The provisions of Articles 14, 15, 16 and 17 shall apply to salaries, wages, pensions and other similar remuneration in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.
4. The provisions of paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 shall likewise apply in respect of salaries, wages, pensions, and other similar remuneration paid by a government-owned institution performing functions of a governmental nature, which in the case of the UAE shall include the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, the Abu Dhabi Investment Council, the Mubadala Development Company, and the Investment Corporation of Dubai.

Terms relating to pension:

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 19 of this Convention, pensions and other similar remuneration paid in consideration of past employment to a resident of a Contracting State and any annuity paid to such a resident shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The term “annuity” means a stated sum payable to an individual periodically at stated times during his life or during a specified or ascertainable period of time under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration in money or money’s worth.

Other terms:

(1) (a) Remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph, such remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) (a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contacting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of and a national of that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16 and 18 of this Convention shall apply to remuneration and pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Terms relating to pension:

1. (a) Pensions and other similar remuneration beneficially owned by a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
(b) Notwithstanding sub-paragraph a) of this paragraph, the amount of any such pension or remuneration paid from a pension scheme established in the other Contracting State that would be exempt from taxation in that other State if the beneficial owner were a resident thereof shall be exempt from taxation in the first-mentioned State.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, a lump-sum payment derived from a pension scheme established in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State.
3. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, payments made by a Contracting State under the provisions of the social security or similar legislation of that State to a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in that other State.
4. Any annuity derived and beneficially owned by an individual (“the annuitant”) who is a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State. The term “annuity” as used in this paragraph means a stated sum paid periodically at stated times during the life of the annuitant, or during a specified or ascertainable period of time, under an obligation to make the payments in return for adequate and full consideration (other than in return for services rendered).
5. Periodic payments, made pursuant to a written separation agreement or a decree of divorce, separate maintenance, or compulsory support, including payments for the support of a child, paid by a resident of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State, shall be exempt from tax in both Contracting States, except that, if the payer is entitled to relief from tax for such payments in the first-mentioned State, such payments shall be taxable only in the other State.

Other terms:

1. Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 14 (Income from Employment), 15 (Directors’ Fees) and 16 (Entertainers and Sportsmen) of this Convention:
(a) salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid from the public funds of a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall, subject to the provisions of sub-paragraph b) of this paragraph, be taxable only in that State;
(b) such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, however, shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 17 (Pensions, Social Security, Annuities, Alimony, and Child Support) of this Convention:
(a) any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall, subject to the provisions of sub-paragraph b) of this paragraph, be taxable only in that State;
(b) such pension, however, shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 14 (Income from Employment), 15 (Directors’ Fees), 16 (Entertainers and Sportsmen) and 17 (Pensions, Social Security, Annuities, Alimony, and Child Support) of this Convention shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Pension schemes:

1. Where an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State is a member or beneficiary of, or participant in, a pension scheme established in the other Contracting State, income earned by the pension scheme may be taxed as income of that individual only when, and, subject to paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 17 (Pensions, Social Security, Annuities, Alimony, and Child Support) of this Convention, to the extent that, it is paid to, or for the benefit of, that individual from the pension scheme (and not transferred to another pension scheme).

2. Where an individual who is a member or beneficiary of, or participant in, a pension scheme established in a Contracting State exercises employment or self-employment in the other Contracting State:
(a) contributions paid by or on behalf of that individual to the pension scheme during the period that he exercises an employment or self-employment in the other State shall be deductible (or excludable) in computing his taxable income in that other State; and
(b) any benefits accrued under the pension scheme, or contributions made to the pension scheme by or on behalf of the individual’s employer, during that period shall not be treated as part of the employee’s taxable income and any such contributions shall be allowed as a deduction in computing the business profits of his employer in that other State.
The reliefs available under this paragraph shall not exceed the reliefs that would be allowed by the other State to residents of that State for contributions to, or benefits accrued under, a pension scheme established in that State.

3. The provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article shall not apply unless:
(a) contributions by or on behalf of the individual, or by or on behalf of the individual’s employer, to the pension scheme (or to another similar pension scheme for which the first-mentioned pension scheme was substituted) were made before the individual began to exercise an employment or self-employment in the other State; and
(b) the competent authority of the other State has agreed that the pension scheme generally corresponds to a pension scheme established in that other State.

4. Where, under sub-paragraph a) of paragraph 2 of this Article, contributions to a pension scheme are deductible (or excludable) in computing an individual’s taxable income in a Contracting State and, under the laws in force in that State, the individual is subject to tax in that State, in respect of income, profits or gains, by reference to the amount thereof which is remitted to or received in that State and not by reference to the full amount thereof, then the relief that would otherwise be available to that individual under that sub-paragraph in respect of such contributions shall be reduced to an amount that bears the same proportion to that relief as the amount of the income, profits or gains in respect of which the individual is subject to tax in that State bears to the amount of the income, profits or gains in respect of which he would be subject to tax if he were so subject in respect of the full amount thereof and not only in respect of the amount remitted to or received in that State.

5 (a) Where a citizen of the United States who is a resident of the United Kingdom exercises employment in the United Kingdom the income from which is taxable in the United Kingdom and is borne by an employer who is a resident of the United Kingdom or by a permanent establishment situated in the United Kingdom, and the individual is a member or beneficiary of, or participant in, a pension scheme established in the United Kingdom,

(i) contributions paid by or on behalf of that individual to the pension scheme during the period that he exercises the employment in the United Kingdom, and that is attributable to the employment, shall be deductible (or excludable) in computing his taxable income in the United States; and
(ii) any benefits accrued under the pension scheme, or contributions made to the pension scheme by or on behalf of the individual’s employer, during that period, and that are attributable to the employment, shall not be treated as part of the employee’s taxable income in computing his taxable income in the United States.
This paragraph shall apply only to the extent that the contributions or benefits qualify for tax relief in the United Kingdom.

(b) The reliefs available under this paragraph shall not exceed the reliefs that would be allowed by the United States to its residents for contributions to, or benefits accrued under, a generally corresponding pension scheme established in the United States.
(c) For purposes of determining an individual’s eligibility to participate in and receive tax benefits with respect to a pension scheme established in the United States, contributions made to, or benefits accrued under, a pension scheme established in the United Kingdom shall be treated as contributions or benefits under a generally corresponding pension scheme established in the United States to the extent reliefs are available to the individual under this paragraph.
(d) This paragraph shall not apply unless the competent authority of the United States has agreed that the pension scheme generally corresponds to a pension scheme established in the United States.

How can we help you?

If you would like to speak to one of our advisers, please get in touch today.

Contact Us

    Get a free review of your finances